What is Insomnia? What is the main cause of insomnia?

sleeping tablets

What is Insomnia? What is the main cause of insomnia?

Insomnia is a sleep disorder. It is difficulty in sleeping or staying awake at night. Many people experience severe to mild sleep disorders in their life. This might be a form of insomnia. There are various reasons that cause insomnia. Insomnia can be short term or long term. But it can be treated in many ways.

If a person is indicating serious conditions of insomnia. They should consult a doctor or a therapist. They can help with overcoming depression and anxiety issues. The most common causes of insomnia. It can have long-lasting and devastating impacts on a person’s life. If a person experiences any of the following symptoms. They either need to see a doctor or work on improving their sleeping routine.

  • Finding hard to sleep, and staying awake late at night
  • Sleep disorders such as walking up in the middle of the night. Then not being able to go back to sleep.
  • Waking up too early or too late
  • Muscle pain and feeling tired the entire day
  • Being in bed and not being able to sleep for hours
  • Loss of attention, mood swings, and anger issues
  • Increased mistakes during work
  • Headaches (feeling pressure around or overhead)
  • Gastrointestinal issues
  • Worrying about sleeping

General Causes of Insomnia

There are several reasons which can cause insomnia. The severity of those reasons can increase the magnitude. The reasons for insomnia depend on a person’s lifestyle. Sleep habits and working hours can lead to Insomnia. Following is a brief list of the causes of insomnia:

  • Surrounding factors such as noise can disturb one’s sleeping routine.
  • Use of too much light at night, a crumbled mattress, etc.
  • People suffering from anxiety, depression, or stress
  • Mental health issues like traumatic conditions.
  • Physical or mental torture.
  • Overthinking, bipolar, or hyperactive disorders, etc.
  • Overuse of alcoholic beverages, nicotine, and caffeine.
  • Disruption in sleep timing.
  • For people who travel more and experience jet lags etc.
  • For those who work at night or in shifts.
  • Pain or mental disturbance caused by grief or loss.
  • Workload stress, death of a loved one.
  • A relationship breakup, divorce, etc.
  • Medical conditions like menstrual pain, joint pain (arthritis), and migraine.
  • Overuse of anti-depressant or steroidal medicines.
  • Neurological disorders, Heart disease
  • Not having enough sleep at night

Therapeutic Causes of Insomnia

Sometimes, overuse of some medicines can cause insomnia. It can be a side effect of a certain illness. This may cause restlessness and take the sleep away. Certain conditions that cause insomnia can worsen the situation. Some common examples of therapeutic causes of insomnia are:

  • Nasal/sinusoidal allergies
  • Gastrointestinal problems such as reflux
  • Endocrine problems such as hyperthyroidism
  • Arthritis
  • Asthma or breathing issues
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Chronic migraine, headache, or muscle spasm
  • Lower back pain due to menstruation, or other physical activities

Types of Insomnia

Women get affected by Insomnia two times more than men. The older the person. The more chances are of having mild or severe sleeping disorders. A self-check-up can help better assess the type of insomnia. Either a person is having mild, acute, or chronic symptoms. The following types of sleep disorder help better understand the disorder.

  • Primary Insomnia
  • Secondary Insomnia
  • Acute Insomnia

Primary Insomnia

Primary insomnia is due to poor sleeping habits. It is known as poor sleep hygiene as well. Having a bright light or noise in the sleeping area. This can be the result of consuming excessive alcohol or caffeine at night. Such habits prevent the body from sleeping. Causing mild or primary sleep disorder.

Secondary Insomnia

Secondary insomnia is a side effect. It either generates from medicine or illness. That the patient might be facing. Certain medications are required to treat this illness. They have some side effects which may be the cause of insomnia. This type of insomnia is called secondary insomnia. Their illnesses may include physical pain such as muscle aches. Migraine, heartburn, and mental issues like anxiety or depression.

Acute Insomnia

Acute insomnia is also called short-term insomnia. It does not last for long. It only stays for a short time. Acute insomnia stays for a few days, weeks, or a month. This is caused by having minor problems. Stress-related to exams, deadlines, and work-related tasks. Overcoming acute insomnia is easy. If a person works on maintaining sleep habits and tries to keep an active life. They can beat acute insomnia without the use of medicines.

Treatment of Insomnia

Doctors work on improving a person’s sleeping habits. They recommend maintaining a healthy lifestyle. They are reluctant in prescribing medicines at first. This is because sleeping pills can get a person addicted. Have adverse effects on the overall health. Treating insomnia is not so easy. With more medicines, the patient becomes sensitive. This is due to a wide range of side effects these medicines have.

Sleeping tablets might help one sleep at night. But would keep them tired and dizzy during the next day. Sleeping tablets do help for a shorter period. But in the longer run, they start creating other health issues.

Using sleeping tablets for a long time may lead to physical dependence. It can give rise to other mental health issues. The best treatment of insomnia is to maintain the proper sleeping habit. Move towards a healthy and active lifestyle.


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